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Quilting

Quilting pattern

The process of sewing two or more layers of fabric together in order to make a thick, padded material is known as quilting. It uses a needle and a thread to join the materials. Quilting can be used to create bed coverings and other textile products. This process is consisted of designing, cutting, piecing, appliqué and binding. Quilting can be done by using a sewing machine or even by hands. 

Quilting history

The first quilted fabric can be seen on the carved ivory figure of a “Pharaoh”, which goes back to the ancient Egyptians. In 1924 archaeologists discovered a quilted floor covering in Mongolia, between 100 BC and 200 AD. Europe, quilting has been part of the needlework tradition in 5th century, with early objects containing Egyptian cotton. In American Colonial times, quilts were just a single piece of fabric, layered with batting, backing and held together, with a needlework quilting. Patchwork quilting in America goes back to the decade of when the United States gained its independence from England in 1770. African-American quilting has a long tradition which began with quilts made by slaves. Moreover another American group to develop a distinct style of quilting was the Amish. Typically these quilts use only solid fabrics.

Modern quilting became prominent in the early 20th century. It follows on aesthetic style with the inspiration of modern architecture, art and designs. The use of bold colors, high contrast graphic areas of solid colors and expansive negative space are some of the characteristics of modern quilts.

Quilting techniques

Patchwork and Piecing is one of the primary techniques involved in quilt making which sewing together with geometric pieces of fabric often to form a design or “block”.

Appliqué is a sewing technique where an upper layer of fabric is sewn onto a ground. Reverse appliqué techniques are often used in combination with traditional appliqué techniques, to give a variety of visual effects.

Quilting is a key component that defines a quilt which stitches holding the three layers together. Moreover a running stitch can be achieved by hand or by sewing machine.

Trapunto is a sewing technique where two layers of fabric surrounding a layer of batting which is quilted together. Cording techniques may also be used, where a channel is created by quilting, and a cord or yarn is pulled through the batting layer, causing a sharp change in the texture of the quilt.

English paper piecing is a hand-sewing technique used to minimize accuracy when piecing complex angles together. In contrast, Foundation piecing is a sewing technique which allows maximum stability of the work as the piecing is created, minimizing the distorting effect of working with slender pieces or bias cut pieces.

Quilting patterns

Quilts can have many different templates or patterns and they can have a large impact on the final result. There are the numbers of mediums that can be used and depending on the usage, size and style which will give your quilt a varied look. Templates are generally considered the basis of the structure of the quilt, like a blueprint for a house.

Quilting fabric

The top most layer of a quilt is usually made from cotton quilting fabric. Many quilters will also make use of fabrics from home, incorporating fabrics with a particular sentimental importance. When doing the fabric preparation, there are some tips to follow. Cutting fabric is the most important segment right after the fabric preparation. Once the fabrics have been cut, the pieces are sewn together in the chosen patterns.

Quilt – Beginner Tutorial, Part 1 (Quilting video)

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